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5 Absolutely Awesome Blockchain Programming Languages in 2022

Blockchain Programming Languages in 2022

Blockchain has turned many impossible things possible such as contactless payments, and cryptocurrencies. Noticeably, the distributed ledger market is estimated to reach 70 million USD by the end of 2026 due to the heavy adoption and investment of business owners and managers across multiple sectors. To empower the development of such marvelous achievements, there is a growth in terms of blockchain programming languages which we will discuss in detail the pros and cons of one in this article.

Let’s dive in!

Blockchain Programming Languages in 2022

1. JavaScript

The most popular programming language, in general, is JavaScript with over 95% of existing websites applied in one way or another. Thus, it is no surprise that it is one of the best Blockchain programming languages that developers should master. The popularity of JavaScript is due to its wide range of programming frameworks, including NodeJS, ReactJS, and Angular JSC, which allow developers to handle asynchronous actions with ease. In blockchain app development, JavaScript enables developers in controlling communications and linkage between multiple notes and increases the scalability and accessibility of the solutions.

In addition to that, JavaScript is used by most IT companies as this prototype-based language is easy to integrate and object-oriented. JavaScript is an easy-to-learn language with a great pool of available resources, which is why new users can easily master this programming language. However, there are some minor limitations such as a low level of dynamic, and being weakly typed which can be solved by using typescript. NEO, NEM, IOTA, Hyperledger, and Ethereum are some platforms that use JavaScript.

2. C#

C# is a product of Microsoft, developed in 2000 and updated annually. The most updated version was released in 2019 alongside Visual Studio 2019 version 16.3. C# is one of the best programming languages for blockchain with open source, it enables developers to develop highly portable code that can run on multiple systems, including Android, Mac, Windows, and Linux on multiple devices with ease.

C# is an Object-Oriented Programming language that aims to maximize the performance of applications. In addition to that, a wide range of benefits of using C# includes being strongly typed, having a strong community that supports new developers to learn and exchange knowledge, strong support for .NET, and dynamic support from Microsoft. Still, we must mention its limitations including Windows-oriented languages, not having enough support for Linux and a high level of difficulty in comparison to JavaScript due to its types and syntax. NEO, IOTA, and Stratis are blockchain platforms that use C#.

3. C++

Another no less popular blockchain programming language is C++. There is an impressive number of blockchain projects that use C++ more than any other programming language. The reason behind this is the powerful features and capabilities like primitive control over memory, advanced multi-threading, runtime polymorphism, and overloading. In addition to that, developers can combine data and functions together in a single model with ease by using different Object-Oriented Programming features.

Furthermore, C++ allows options to move semantics for copying data effectively, effective memory control and CPU management, running parallel/non-parallel threads with ease, and compile-time polymorphism to enhance performance, like other C programming languages with code isolation that is suitable for different data structures. Similar to other programming languages, there are some limitations of C++ including code redundancy, complicated debugging, and not supporting garbage collection. With regard to the level of difficulty, developers must put more effort to learn C++ than Java and other C programming languages despite the availability of learning resources. Bitcoin, QTUM, Stellar, EOS, Monero, Litecoin, and Ripple are blockchain platforms that use C++.

4. Java

In the field of blockchain app development, Java is ranked among the top programming languages for developing highly interactive web, apps, and simple and immutable blockchains. Blockchain Java is developed based on C-derived syntax, which enables both low-level and high-level functionality to access almost any blockchain part. It is a very strong and accessible programming language for modern developers to begin creating blockchain apps with Java.

The main advantages of blockchain are the portability and ability to handle large numbers of users on a blockchain network and multiple device architectures at the same time. Java enables robust support for Object-Oriented Programming, easy memory cleaning and maintenance, independent of the OS, can run on any device, and a big community to share resources. The limitation of Java is its low level of performance in comparison to Golang and C++ and require of Java Virtual Machine to install. NEO, NEM, IOTA, and Hyperledger Fabric are blockchains that use Java.

5. Solidity

Solidity, a high-level blockchain programming language
Solidity programming language, a high-level blockchain programming language

The solidity programming language was developed by the creators of Ethereum. It is designed for deploying smart contracts and building decentralized applications (dApps). Today, the solidity programming language is getting more popularity as a blockchain developer language.

A modern, simple yet effective blockchain programming language – Solidity is built based on C++, JavaScript, and Powershell. This high-level blockchain programming language is known as one of the fastest-growing and adopted languages in the world, especially for smart contracts that run on the EVM (Ethereum Virtual Machine). Being developed dedicated to Blockchain development, it can solve multiple issues faced by developers during the development process such as accessibility to Javascript debuggers, infrastructures, and other tools, statically typed programming, boost accuracy, and inheritance properties in smart contracts. This is an extremely flexible language, as complex machine code is broken down into simple, human-understandable instructions.

On the off chance that you are searching for a language for creating savvy contracts on Ethereum Blockchain, the Solidity programming language is the one. Smart contracts that run on the Ethereum network are easily portable to other alternative blockchains. Although this programming language is relatively new, more than 200,000 developers are already working with it. Hence, it might be easier for you to hire blockchain developers.

Examples of blockchain projects that use Solidity: Ethereum, Chainlink, Sushiswap, Compound Protocol.

It is said that solidity programming language is the one that developers must master to be able to develop Blockchain. Nevertheless, it has drawbacks to other languages such as complicated usage, arrays, and strings structure due to limited standard library, and the limited ability to upgrade upon development. Developers said that it is not hard to learn a Solidity programming language in comparison to JavaScript as there are many courses and resources that learners can access to. Tendermint, Counterparty, Ethereum, and Ethereum Classic are blockchain platforms developed with Solidity programming language.

Key Features

  • Solidity programming language is developer-friendliness.
  • Apart from Ethereum, you can use solidity for programming smart contracts on other platforms like Monax.
  • It offers accessibility to JavaScript infrastructures, debuggers, and other tools.
  • Statically typed programming.
  • Feasibility of inheritance properties in smart contracts.
  • It gives you precise accuracy

Learn more about Blockchain technology and development here!

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, each blockchain programing language has its pros and cons; thus, it is important for businesses to carefully analyze their business context and needs to choose the best language for the best technology solutions. If you are wondering about “How to get started with blockchain development”, “Whether to hire an in-house team or to choose outsourcing services”. In the case of outsourcing “What are the criteria to choose?” and “What companies are trusted partners in developing Blockchain?”. Follow our list of articles dedicated to Blockchain development or feel free to contact Newwave Solutions’ consultant team.

Newwave Solutions is a top Blockchain Development Outsourcing company. Our teams of enthusiastic experts have worked with hundreds of reputable brands on thousands of projects leveraging various consensus algorithms and blockchains. With success in blockchain solutions developed to meet industry-specific needs in the past, we have acquired essential skills to ensure that we can meet your business objectives.

Once you become our partner, we will consult and assist you in developing a whole ecosystem and a strategy to boost your business profitability. Get in touch with Newwave Solutions now!


To Quang Duy is the CEO of Newwave Solutions, a leading Vietnamese software company. He is recognized as a standout technology consultant. Connect with him on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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